Vitamins are organic compounds that are essential for the proper functioning of the human body. There are different types of vitamins, and each vitamin has its own function. Vitamins can be obtained from the diet or through nutritional supplements. Listed below are the roles of vitamins in oral health.
The B vitamin family is made up of eight different vitamins, including riboflavin, thiamine, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, folate, and vitamin B5. These B vitamins play an essential role in maintaining proper energy metabolism and cell function. They also support the health of the nervous system by helping the body make myelin, the substance that insulates the nerves in the body. B vitamins are also involved in the maintenance of red blood cells and the healthy function of the digestive system.
All B vitamins are water-soluble and cannot be stored by the body. This means that they need to be replenished on a regular basis through diet or supplementation. According to the Institute of Medicine, a healthy adult should get 40mg of vitamin B12 each day, though it’s rare to be deficient in this vitamin. Vitamin C improves the absorption of B12 from food, so it can be helpful to include vitamin C-rich foods with meals that include B12.
Vitamin A aids in tooth and bone development, especially in children. It is also important for maintaining mucous membranes and protecting the body against infection. Vitamin A helps produce saliva and mucus in the mouth, which are necessary elements for a healthy mouth.
Foods high in vitamin A include carrots, spinach, sweet potatoes, kale, cantaloupe, apricots, eggs, and liver. Most people get enough vitamin A in their diets, but those who are pregnant or breastfeeding may need to increase their intake as their bodies use more of this nutrient during this time.
Vitamin C, which is also called ascorbic acid, is a nutrient that can be found naturally in many fruits (like oranges) and vegetables. It is also available as a supplement. This vitamin has been studied for its role in the prevention and treatment of many health issues, including gum disease.
Studies have found that vitamin C can help the body produce collagen, which is a protein that is found in abundance in the gums. Collagen is an important structural component of the gums, and it helps to ensure that the gums continue to provide a strong seal around each tooth. When your gums are healthy, your teeth will be more likely to remain securely in place. Vitamin C has also been found to help boost the immune system, which can make it easier for you to fight infection.
There is evidence to suggest that vitamin E may help reduce inflammation in the gums and prevent plaque buildup. A healthy mouth environment is key to a healthy smile. While many people take vitamins specifically targeting oral health, it is important to also eat a well-balanced diet that includes a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins and antioxidants. Good dietary sources include avocados, fresh spinach, and broccoli.
Vitamin supplementation should never take the place of eating healthy food because it cannot provide the same benefits as whole fruits and vegetables. Talk to your dentist about any specific concerns or questions you may have regarding your oral health.
Visit Gallery 32 Dental Arts at 3580 Piedmont Road NE, STE #104, Atlanta, GA 30305, or call (404) 255-6929 to learn more about dental procedures. Our dentist will work with you to help you determine the best option for your condition.